Species I Have Grown on the Prairies
By: Barrie Strohman
L. amabile Native to Korea . 1-3 ft. Grenadine red in color with purple spots and having a mild unpleasant odor. In its natural habitant it grows in a gritty well drained humusy soil. In cultivation it can have 5-8 flowers and is easily grown from seed which is immediate epigeal. It is ideal as a garden plant and has been crossed with other species, L tigrinum, L callosum, L maximowicii, L.pumilum and L.davidii
L. amabile luteum, This is a yellow variant, deep golden yellow with black spots. Crossing it with L. tigrinum flaviflorum the yellow form of L. tigrinum has given us strong yellow lilies in the Connecticut series Conn. Lemonglow , Conn. King , Conn. Beauty as examples.
L. bulbiferum referred to as the fire lily. Native to Europe Scandinavia 2-3 ft. with reddish orange up-facing chaliced type flowers and a high bud count. In cultivation it can have from 25 - 30 blooms. it has been used extensively in hybridizing by the Dutch because of its uprightness. Seed is delayed hypogeal. It is one of the early lilies used in garden trade. It has been crossed with L dauricum L. davidii, L pumilum. and L. monadelphum which produced the Russian lily Fialkovaja with a violet scent.
L. callosum Originates in eastern Asia China and Japan and enjoys the widest distribution of the eastern lilies. Grows about 2-3 ft. tall with downfacing brick red flowers. It blooms real late and can have from 5-9 blooms. It is easy to grow from seed and is immediate epigeal. It likes a sandy humusy soil but dry through winter. It has been crossed with L. concolor, L. amabile, L. pumilum and L. davidii. Hybrids include Last Dance Summit and Callie. There is also a yellow form of it from which these hybrids were derived.
L. cenuum Referred to as the nodding lily it hails from Korea China and Russia It grows from 2-4 ft. It sports dainty rosy pink blooms that can number from 5 to 12 downfacing beauties. This is the parent that has played a major roll in changing the color pallet of the Asiatics. The pinks whites and pastels are a direct result of its gene pool. It has been crossed with L. davidii, L. concolor, L.pumilum. L.dauricum alpinum. Of course one of the famous hybrids was Edith Cecilia from the work of Dr. Patterson. Others are Tinkerbelle, Elf and Sonata.
L. concolor Can be found in China Russia and Korea It is a shorty of about 18 inches with dainty up-facing orange red spotless blooms. Often referred to as the morning star lily it usually has 3-5 flowers. It also has a yellow variety concolor coridion. It has been hybridized with L.callosum L.dauricum L. pumilum and L. cernuum. Hybrids are Fireworks, Pirate and Fire Alarm.
L. dauricum From Russia and Japan it is a short lily of 18inches to 2 feet. It is orange red with spots and will have from 3 -6 flowers that face upwards. The variant alpinum is only 6-8 inches high. The short dwarf lilies or many of the potted type Asiatics have dauricum blood. It has been crossed with bulbiferum cernuum maximowicii. dauricum alpinum crossed with cernuum has fathered the spreckle hybrids of Judith Freeman.
L. davidii is from western china It grows 3-5 feet tall with scarlet orange pendulous finely spotted flowers numbering 15- 35 . Easily grown from seed it is immediate epigeal and has played a major roll in Asiatic hybrids. It has been crossed with amabile, tigrinum, pumilum cernuum bulbiferum and langonense. Isabel preston Frank Skinner and Dr. Patterson have used davidii willmottiae extensively.
L. duchartri hails from western China it will make 3 feet in height. It has white down-facing flowers with purple marbled veins. it will have from 2-8 flowers with a bit of perfume. its seed is immediate epigeal. This lily wanders around and can come up even 2 feet away from the main bulb forming additional bulbs along the underground stem as it travels along. It has been crossed with L. lankongense.
L. hansonii A martagon type from Korea. 3-4 feet tall with 9-14 orange yellow flowers with brown spots. Easy to grow in the garden. seeds are delayed hypogeal. Ed Robinson crossed it with L. tsingtauense and it also crosses readily with the other martagons, alba, cattaniae, dalmaticum and medeoloides. Hybrids are Dalhansonii, Tsingense, Hantsing and Sontsing are just a few.
L. henryi An ideal late blooming lily from China sometimes referred to as the orange speciosum It reaches 2-5 feet tall with long arching graceful pedicels having 10-20 orange blooms with raised papillae and centered with a black or green nectary. There is a yellow variant henryi citrinum. It is one lily that crosses with various division of lily classification and so proves invaluable in hybridizing. Seed is immediate epigeal and there is quite a variation in the specimens. It has been crossed with L sargentiae, L speciosum, L sulphureum, L. aurateum, L. longiflorum, L candidum, L leuanthum centifolium, and the Asiatic hybrids.
L. leichtlinii maximowiczii. From eastern Asia Japan Korea and China. grows 3-5 feet high and sports 12-15 orange red spotted blooms much like L. tigrinum. There is also a yellow variant. It crosses with bulbiferum tigrinum, davidii, dauricum and pumilum. Some offspring are Viva, Maxiclas and Big Max.
L. martagon Ranges from Spain through Europe and the Balkans and across Russia. It has a height of from 3 to 6 feet with 20 - 45 flowers varying in color from white Variety album to pink to black purple var cattonaei and dalmaticum. Seed is delayed hypogeal. It has been crossed with hansonii tsingtauense, mediolodes and disticum. Reports of it being crossed with a west coast lily L. kellogii giving us Kelmarsh.
L. michiganense It ranges from southern Manitoba through the top center of the USA and into southern Ontario . reaches 3-5 feet with orange nodding flowers that are heavily flushed red and yellow with reddish crimson spots. It usually has 3-5 blooms but can have up to 23 blooms. Seed is delayed hypogeal and it has a stoloniferous bulb. It crosses with canandense and michauxii.
L. monadelpum. A lily of the Caucasian mountains. A scented down facing pale straw colored bloom with a outside purple base it grows 3-4 feet with 4-20 blooms. seed is delayed hypogeal It has been crossed with L candidum which gave us June Fragrance, Limerick Green Goddess and the Faberge strain of Judiths.
L. philadephicum Widely found throughout eastern and western Canada and south as far as Missouri 1-3 feet in height with 1-6 scented flowers. Orange red spotted erect flowers with yellow centers makes this one easily scene in the meadows and wooded boundaries where it resides. seed is immediate epigeal but germinates over a period of time. Skinner crossed it with dauricum and bulbiferum.
L. pumilum A work horse of the Asiatic species. resides in China, Russia and Korea Grows from 18 inches to 2and one half feet bearing 5-25 brilliant scarlet clear flowers. Seed is immediate epigeal and easy to start and grow. It self seeds and does it in abundance which may be why it does not last too long in some gardens. Crosses with most of the Asiatic species, amabile, callosum, concolor, cernuum, dauricum, davidii, leichtlinii maximowiczii, and wilsonii. Hybrids span the whole spectrum of color height and bloom time.
L. tigrinum or L lancifolium. The tiger lily from Japan and Russia. 3-5 feet carrying up to 40 blooms heavily spotted down facing orange flowers. A lily that has been widely distributed around the world. A yellow form is tigrium flaviflorum. It has been crossed with amabile davidii, lechilini, maximowicii, bulbiferum, wilsonii and L. regale giving us Tiger babies pussycat sally and Katinka.
L. regale A trumpet from China 2-4 ft in height bearing 3-15 highly scented blooms. a rose purple coloration on the outside with a canary yellow center and pristine white on the rest of the inside with the trumpet like blooms are held in a horizontal fashion. there is also a white form with a green reverse called regale album. easy to grow and germinate. seed is immediate epigeal. Crosses with sargentiae, sulphureum, leucanthum centifolium, tigrinum, and henryi. From it have come one of the first know crosses l. aurelianense and the many aurelians that we have today Louise, Bright Star, Thunderbolt and Hearts Desire.
L. tsingtauense A whorled leafed plant from China and Korea growth habit of 1 1/2 to 2 2/12 feet Brilliant orange to red orange or apricot up-facing spotted flowers which are fairly large for the martagon family. It crosses with hansonii and the martagon variants. The work of Ed Robinson has given us many of these well known crosses A few newer ones are Cadense, Pink Taurade and Whitewood.
L. wilsonii Found in Japan Russia and China. Height is from 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 feet Reddish orange or apricot up-facing spotted flowers that are quite large. Seed is immediate epigeal There is a yellow form flavum. It crosses with bulbiferum, dauricum, tigrinum flavum, and pumilum.